India’s second mission to the moon, Chandrayaan-2, entered the lunar orbit on Tuesday. Indian Space Research Organisation chief K Sivan mentioned it was a significant milestone but reminded that the mission on September 7 was terrifying.
The lander of Chandrayaan 2, Vikram, is supposed to soft-land on the moon on September 7.
Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI) of Chandrayaan2 maneuver was accomplished on August 20, 2019. The duration of maneuver was 1738 seconds starting from 0902 hrs IST, Isro posted on social media. Briefing the media, Sivan stated there would need four more maneuvers to reduce the orbit, and on September 2 the lander will be separated from the orbiter. When the descent begins, and the landing gets closer, it will be frightening for us. Now the pressure has only elevated, not decreased, he added and reminded that the success rate of the landing of the moon is just 37%.
Chandrayaan will remain to circle the moon in a closer orbit until reaching a distance of about 100 kilometers from its surface. As soon as, Chandrayaan 2 lands on the lunar surface a rover will search for water deposits that were endorsed by Chandrayaan, India’s first mission to the moon.
The indigenously designed spacecraft comprising an orbiter, a lander, and a rover is supposed to touch down on the moon’s surface in the morning of September 7. The rover, named Pragyan, will examine the lunar surface, search for water, and probe craters and traps that might require key questions about the past of the solar system.
After the US, a successful landing will make India the fourth nation, the erstwhile USSR, and China to land on the moon. It will even be the first time a lander-rover will explore the south pole of the moon. A successful landing, among other issues, can also solidify India’s position as a pioneer of less-cost space exploration.
Chandrayaan 2 Take-off on July 22, onboard Isro’s strong and powerful launcher, the 640-tonne rocket (GSLV-Mk III), from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre. Chandrayaan 2 developed 11 years after Chandrayaan-1, which was launched on October 22, 2008, and orbited the moon at the height of 100km from the lunar surface for chemical, mineralogical and photo-geologic mapping.